Posted on 11 September 2013.
Together with their teacher Dr. Docter, the Class of 2020 uses library resources to develop expertise in World History. Read their comments to hear more about what they learned!
Jole Seroff - who has written 74 posts on Castilleja School Library.
Contact the author
How long and deep is the nile river? why does the Nile flood? and how many times a year does the Nile Flood?
The Nile runs through Egypt which is about 96% desert. The Nile is the longest river in the world that runs 750 miles in Egypt and 4,160 in total. Without the Nile, Egypt would be just a desert. The Nile river causes floods in Egypt which is a good thing because the crops get water in their soil. The river runs from the south mountains to the mediterranean. It sources are the Blue Nile the White Nile and the Arbara. There is an annual flood from the river and thats what makes the crops grow strong and healthy. The river floods because of heavy summer rains in the Ethiopian highlands.
Egypt Enchantment of the world, Ann Heinrichs, Revised Edition, New York, Children’s Press, 2007
Who was Artemisia?
Artemisia was a Persian ruler at the time of Herodotus. She ruled Halicarnassus, a Greek city, Cos, and Colyndus in the southwest Asian minor. She was an advisor to Xerxes, the king of Persia, while they were at war with the Greeks. Artemisia was the only advisor of his to tell him- rightly- not to attack the Greeks in the straits of Salamis. However, he went ahead and attacked them. When she saw the battle was hopeless, in order to escape she sunk an ally’s ship which made the Greeks chasing her think she was on their side so they gave up the chase while she fled. Meanwhile King Xerxes thought she had sunk an enemy ship so he commended her.
Lightman, Marjorie and Benjamin. A to Z of Ancient Greek and Roman Women. Revised edition. New York, New York. 2008.
I learned a lot about Herodotus. I really enjoyed looking up, and finding books. For my research, I looked up:
1. What sports did they play? Where did they do these sports? Were they the same as today?
– They played: ran, jumped, wrestled, boxed, shot arrows, and flung dicks. People today do all of the sports they did. The Greeks played their sports in the palaestra.
– To the greeks body strength was important
– Boys and men trained at a gymnasium, which means (exercise naked)
-Athletics practiced naked, so they could move better
-They threw spears called “javelins” and threw discus
Book: Herodotus and Ancient Greeks (938 Anc, World Book Inc., Chicago, IL, 2009)
2. Where did Herodotus die?
– Herodotus died of the plaque in the Athens, he died in 429-413 B.C.
-The date of Herodotus’ death is unknown, though it was likely between 430 and 420, B.C.
3. How was life different for boys vs. girls? Did men and women have different roles? How was it different than today?
-In Greece the men ran the government. They spent a lot of their time out of the house while involved in politics. Men also spent time in the fields overseeing the crops. They sailed, hunted, and traded. All of these activities took the men away from home. Men enjoyed wrestling, horseback riding, and the Olympic Games. Men had parties in which the women were not allowed to attend.
-Women had little freedom. Wealthy women hardly ever left the house. They sent slaves to the market. They were allowed to attend weddings, funerals, and some religious festivals. Their job was to run the house and bear children. Greek women supervised slaves who did all the cooking, cleaning, and tending of the crops. Male slaves guarded the women when the men were away. Except in Sparta girls did not go to school. They learned only the basics of reading and math at home. Girls were taught how to run a house. Women lived in a special section of the house called the gynaeceum.
Herodotus (Bethlehem Books-Ignatius Press, Bathgate, ND, 2009)
Ancient Greeks (938 Anc, World Book Inc., Chicago, IL, 2009)
I learned that the goddess Aphrodite was the last child of Gaea and Uranus, and the only god or goddess who wasn’t the child of a Titan or a different god or goddess. She was born from sea foam, and was washed ashore where some nymphs took care of her. She goes back to the sea where she was born every so often, which makes her look young and pretty again.
D’Aulaires’ Book of Greek Myths
I thought this assignment was very cool. It was interesting looking through the library to find a book that matched my topic. My topic was about sports. The question I asked was “what sports did they play? Where did they do these sports? Were they the same as today?” One thing that I thought was really cool was that they played the same sports as we play today, like running, wrestling and boxing.
Greek and Roman Sport, Don Nardo
World History Series, Lucent Books
San Diego, California, 1999
I found it really interesting that the ancient Greek food was a lot different than it is is today. The food was more simple back then and they used what was around them.
What gods and goddesses did the greeks worship
the main gods and goddesses that the greeks worshiped were zeus:king of the gods, god of the skys; poseidon:god of the seas, earth shaker; hades:god of the underworld god of the dead;Hera: goddess of marriage Queen of the gods; Demeter: goddess of the harvest; apollo: god of music and poems; hephaestus: god of metal working; Artemis: goddess of the hunt; ares: god of war; Athena: goddess of wisdom and strategy; Aphrodite: goddess of love and beauty; hermes: messenger of the gods, god of thieves; and finally Dionysus: god of wine. They are the main 13 gods. Zeus, poseidon, and hades are often called the big three because they are the most powerful.
Treasury of Greek Mythology: classic stories of gods, goddesses, heroes and monsters.
Donna Jo Napoli
From my research, I learned that the early Egyptians would bury the dead in pits of sand in the dessert, so that they could dehydrate the mummies to preserve them. If not preserved, they would decompose. Later on, they changed their methods because they were scared that wild animals in the dessert would harm the dead. In order to resolve this problem, the Egyptians started to put their mummies in coffins. But soon enough they noticed that the mummies started to decompose in the coffins. They then would preserve the body by putting natron (a mixture of baking soda and salt) on the corpse. Also, the Egyptians wrapped the body in linen before putting the body in the coffin.
I learned more about the greek gods. I had lots of fun researching them and find out what they stand for. Such as Aphrodite was the god of love as well as beauty. I aslo learned that there are thousands of gods that they worshiped but the main ones were
Zeus, Hera, Hestia, Poseidon, Athena, Hades, Demeter, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes, Ares, and Dionysus. They all have unique powers that the Greeks thought made life possible.
Jo Napoli, Donna. Treasury Of Greek Mythology,
Washington : National Geographic Society, 2011.
Jo Napoli, Donna. Treasury Of Greek Mythology: classic stories of gods, goddesses, heroes and monsters.Washington : National Geographic Society, 2011.
This assignment helped me practice library research and get oriented with the history section of the library.
Were Greek women educated?
They were taught to weaving and spinning, as well as other household tasks. Some were taught to read, but only for grocery lists and other unintellectual jobs. They did not go to school.
Pearson, Anne. What Do We Know About Ancient Greeks. New York: Peter Bendrick Books, 1992.
Who was Artemesia? Was she a tyrant?
Artemesia married the king of Halicarnassus in 500 B.C. The king died a few years later and she took the throne. Artemesia was an ally of the Persians. She managed to escape during the battle of Salamis. She was named after Artemis, because or her manly skills. Herodotus praises Artemesia for her decisiveness and her intelligence. Polaenus praises her for her decisiveness and her intelligence as well because she created a distraction to get the people of Latmus to get away from their city while she sent soldiers in and took over the city. Some people think differently about her. Thessalus, and son of Hippocrates, describes her in a speech as a cowardly pirate. To Herodotus, she was not a tyrant, despite the fact that she was an advocate of Persia, and to some people, she was.
1. Women in World History, Bonnie G. Smith, Vol. 4, New York, 1940
2. “Artemesia of Caria-Wikipedia”
3.”Artemisia II.” World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.
I know what boys wore. What did women wear?
I learned that women generally wore the chiton and the peplos. Both were made of square, woolen cloths pinned with a special brooch or pin. To keep warm, they wore shawls, cloaks, and veils. There were also the options like skirts and blouses. Women and men wore sandals, slippers, soft shoes, or boots, although at home they usually went barefoot. Female children wore their hair short or arranged it in pigtails. The Greeks also colored their hair. There were even periods when blond hair was popular. Women also wore wigs that were dyed.
Condra, Jill. “Greek Archaic: Women’s Clothing.” Daily Life through History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.
I leaned a lot about the family life and a lot about the children
.every four children born, less than three of them made it to adulthood
.After five days of birth, the child was brought into the house
.When the Father died, his property was split with his sons
.unwanted infants were sometimes left in the wild to die
.The parents usually arranged their child’s marriages
.Girls mostly married in their midteens to men twice their age
.The grooms were given money or property from the daughter’s family but the man had to give the money or property back if they divorced.
.The fathers ruled the house and could control others
.Mothers usually controlled raising the children
.Taking care of the elderly was always done
Ancient Greeks, world book, Scott Fetzer Company, Chicago, 2009
I learned a lot when looking at Life in Ancient Greece. I already knew that woman couldn’t do as much as men but I didn’t know how restricted their life really was. Woman could go to funerals, some religious festivals, weddings and visit with their female neighbors briefly. Without their husbands permission they could do none of this. I also learnt that girls and boys would learn at home until they were about eleven and then they’re educations would split. Boys would go and be educated at schools and they would become scholars. Girls would stay at home, basically to learn ‘how to become a good wife’. Lastly I learnt just how much boys were favored over girls in some families. Some babies were left out in the hills to die. (Or be captured to become a slave.) In fact there was a letter that a soldier wrote to his pregnant wife that basically said: ‘If you give birth to a boy keep him, if you give birth to a girl expose her.’
Sources were: Book: Life, Myth and Art in Ancient Rome, Tony Allen, Los Angeles, 2005
This project was really fun I learned things I hadn’t learned before. For example, the Nile River is the biggest river in the world. Plus, the alligator god was a big part of the
Nile. I also found out, that the Nile River is in Africa.
Ancient Greece-Roxana Scott
-Greece needed more men to fight so every baby that was born was tested to see
if the baby was going to grow strong. If the baby was weak and sick they would leave it in the mountains to die 🙁
-Herodotus was born in the Golden Age which is right before the Persians took over .
-The two most powerful city-states then where Athens and Sparta and the had a very strong navy crew, and very strong warriors.
-The Athenians welcomed new ideas and was ok with public debating and even protesting not wildly before the war.
-There were 3 historians before the war. Herodotus, Xenophon, and Thucydides.
-To be called a Barbarian wasn’t good in Ancient Greece because the Greeks thought of themselves as proper civilized people.
-The civilized people lived in nice houses with slaves to do their work and new how to read and write. Barbarians didn’t have houses and were not smart at all.
-Barbarians find some way to kill people or conquer wherever they go.
-Barbarians learned to make weapons out of iron. They were starting hurting people in chariots riding by.
Roxana Scott Info-
Darius the Great, Schomp, Virginia, Marshall Cavendish Corporation, New York, 1996
Question: What clothes did people wear/ did they change depending on your class? Where they different from the Persians.
Title: First Facts About The Ancient Greeks/ Ancient Greece
Author: Fiona Macdonald/ Eyewitness books
Publisher: Peter Bedrick Books/ Dorling Kindersley Books
Place: Ancient Greece
Date: 1997/1992Greece is very big compared to the countries surrounding it. Such as Bulgaria and Albania. It is surrounded by the Aegean, Mediterranean, Sea of Crete, Ionian Sea and that is just surrounding Greece!
Clothes in Greece where very straight forward. Giving that they have a hot climate there clothes are extremely appropriate. A good way to describe them would be, they are pretty much a long and light fabric poncho. Although there more intricate than a plain pocho. These ones are very drapey and sometimes have little pins/buttons or broaches. They often wear belts at hip level. A nice addition to their clothing was a headpiece which sometimes would look like a little jewel above they’re forehead or maybe draping onto their forehead.
In sports most of the time people wouldn’t even wear clothes! What puzzles me is that it was normal back then and if someone did that now… the reaction might be slightly different. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clothing_in_ancient_Greece
This is what a typical outfit might look like.
This shows you what a outfit would look like.These are a few headpieces that are inspired from greek fashion.
These are some examples of shoes that you could see in a regular day around ancient greece but in a more modern style.
I think that the greeks had pretty similar clothing no matter the class. The big difference to me is that some people might add accessories.
I got the images above from google images.
The Persian choice of clothing was very conservative it had a wrap around the head and over most of the neck and has stayed that way for a while.
These are a few pictures of Ancient Persian clothing and below is Modern Persian Clothing.
These are Ancient clothing
The Pictures wouldn’t load sorry!!!!!!
How was life different for boys and girls?
Female children stayed home and learned how to raise a family. Boys went to school, learned to play music, were taught to fight, and were taught how to properly represent their country and culture.
Did men and women have different roles?
Yes. Women were controlled by their male relatives and husband. Their role was to produce strong offspring or male children. Men did work and ran the government.
How was it different than today?
Today, women work and are able to earn money. Girls are also educated and allowed to take care of finances. Today, it is normal to have children of both genders, but some cultures still believe male offspring are the best to produce.
Ancient Greece by Anne Pearson
Worldbook Online “Ancient Greece”
Click here to cancel reply.
You must be logged in to post a comment.
© 2017 Castilleja School Library. Powered by Wordpress.