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6th Graders Explore Ancient History in the Library

2020

Together with their teacher Dr. Docter, the Class of 2020 uses library resources to develop expertise in World History. Read their comments to hear more about what they learned!

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70 Responses to “6th Graders Explore Ancient History in the Library”

  1. Laura Docter says:

    I learned that 6th graders have outstanding questions based on their summer reading book about Herodotus. I also learned they are excited to use all sorts of library resources – from nonfiction to biography, subject specific encyclopedias to databases! I also learned the backside of the title page is called the verso.

  2. Rebecca Row says:

    Who Was Darius?
    Before becoming the ruler of the Persian Empire, Darius was the spear bearer to Cambyses 11.
    He helped take the throne from the imposter, Gaumata.
    Darius made a strong point of Monarchical rule.
    He became king because his horse neighed first in a contest.
    His inventiveness and perseverance made Darius a great leader
    Darius was the son of Hystaspes http://iranpoliticsclub.net/history/darius-inscription/

    About Hystaspes
    father of Darius The Great
    had the same name as Darius’s son, Hystaspes
    The patron of Zoroaster, was also named Hystaspes, or Vištāspa, although it may not be the same person.
    Son of Arsames, king of Parsa
    governor of Persis under Cyrus 11 and Cambyses 11

    Wikipedia
    Article- Hystaspes

    Encyclopaedia Britannica
    Article- Hystaspes

    Bio: Darius the Great
    Poolos, Jamie.
    Series: Ancient World Leaders
    Published 2008

  3. Sara Lowell says:

    Who was Helen of Troy?
    Helen of Troy was the daughter of King Tyndareus and Queen Leda. She was also the wife of Paris, the prince of Troy.
    What is she called ?
    Helen of Sparta and Helen of Troy.
    What is Helen known for?
    Helen of Troy was known for being absolutely gorgeous, women prayed to her for elegance and beauty and she was also known for being the queen of Sparta.
    Did she have any siblings or was she an only child?
    She had 3 sisters named Clytemnestra, Castor and Pollux.
    How did she die?
    She was abducted by Paris, her husband.
    How old was Helen of Troy when she died?

    Was Helen of Troy ever married?
    Yes. She was married to Paris, the prince of Troy and the son of King Priam.
    If so , how old was she when got married?
    15 years old.

    Bibliography
    Treasury of Greek Mythology: classic stories of gods, goddesses, heroes and monsters.
    Donna Jo Napoli
    National Geographic
    Washington, D.C.
    2011

    Wikipedia

    McCaffery, Elisabeth. ’”Menelaus.” World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web.13 Sept. 2013.

  4. Charlotte Greatwood says:

    This assignment was okay. I forgot to put a twenty before my username for a few minutes!

  5. Minhee Chung says:

    For my research, I chose to learn about the Ancient Greeks and their sports. I also found out that these interesting people had temples that they worshipped before they went to the Olympic Games. One of the most famous temples had a gigantic statue of Zeus inside, with a height of about 43 feet tall. This statue was built around 432 B.C. In the ancient times, it was one of the seven wonders of the world. However, it was destroyed in a fire in the 5th century A.D. It was made by the sculptor Phidias, also the sculpture of the Athena Parthenos, and was located in Olympia, Greece. In addition, Nike, the goddess of victory, was normally shown as a slightly smaller statue inside the palm of Zeus. The statue itself is made of an inner structure of wooden poles, but on the outside, it is constructed from ivory and gold plates. Although the statue is very impressive, other constructors at the time accuse Phidias of making the statue seem as though it would stand up, thus tearing the roof of the temple off. I thought that this statue was very interesting.

    Bibliography

    Nardo, Don. Greek and Roman Sport. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1999.
    “Statue of Zeus at Olympia.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Oct. 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013. .

  6. Paridhi Goel says:

    After this assignment, I learned many things about boys and girls education in both the Sparta and Athens. In Athens, until the age of six a boy’s mother or male slave would tutor him. He would then begin school from ages six or seven. They used tablets and rulers for learning purposes. At primary school boys were expected to know Homer’s words and how to play the lyre. The teachers were all men and decided the additional subjects he wanted to teach. ( like drama, art, reading, and writing) Gradually by age fourteen boys would go to a higher school for four years. Then at eighteen they would go to military school for two years and graduate. For girls in Athens, they weren’t educated but lots studied at home.

    In Sparta both girls and boys were educated. Boys were sent off to military school ate age six or seven. They lived and trained at their brotherhood barracks. At this school the boys were taught military and survival skills. They were not fed properly and boys were told that it was okay to steal as long as nobody caught them. Girls on the other hand also started school at age six or seven and lived in sister hood barracks. At school, they were taught gymnastics, wrestling, and combat skills. Ancient Spartans believed that strong women would lead to strong babies. At age 18 ladies were tested on skills and fitness. If they passed she would be assigned to a husband and sent home. If she failed then she would lose all citizen rights and drop to middle class. Women were allowed to go anywhere they wished without their husbands approval.

    Website: http://dailylife.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/1425727?sid=1425740&cid=99&useConcept=False

  7. Ananya Ramkumar says:

    I liked that the video was very easy to follow, and I only had to watch it once to understand it. One thing that I learned was that it was possible to post something on the Casti Library website.

  8. Alexa Crowder says:

    I learned that the Plague of Athens in 430 B.C. was most likely typhoid fever and that symptoms included a high fever and a rash. The plague killed 1/3 of the population of Athens at the time. It finally ended after the 3rd and final one-month-short wave of it coming back to Athens in 427 B.C.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19787658

  9. Julia Kirsch says:

    In my research, I learned that in the greek alphabet, they have a letter that the spanish alphabet also has! They both have zeta. “Z”. I also learned that in ancient greece in school the boys learned about how to become good citizens and take part in the public life of the city state, while the girls were educated in housekeeping and how to look after the family.

  10. Olivia Watson says:

    I learned how to submit a post! That was fun:-)

  11. Olivia Watson says:

    I learned that Halicarnassus was part of the Persian Empire until it was taken over by Alexander the Great the siege of Halicarnassus. (334 BC)

    (from a wikipedia page.)

  12. Lillian Barnett says:

    I learned a lot from this assignment. One thing that I learned was how to do research, although this was not about my question, ‘Who were the Greek Gods and Titans and what were their stories,” it was about what I think what this assignment was meant for, learning how to research. A fact that I learned was that Zeus was the king of the Gods and that Kronos was the king of the Titans. I also learned that Hera was the wife of Zeus and that Poseidon and Hades were Zeus’s brothers. My source was D’aulaire’s Book of Greek Myths.

  13. Eliza Sandell says:

    For my research took some notes on Babylon and Mesopotamia and what makes this area so special. Mesopotamia is in an area called the fertile crescent which is in modern day Iraq. Literally Mesopotamia means “The Land Between Two Rivers” and Mesopotamia is a piece of land between two rivers, The Tigris and The Euphrates Rivers. Between these two rivers is a very fertile land which has been called “the cradle of civilization”. In Southern Mesopotamia is Babylon, and in Northern Mesopotamia is The Assyrian Empire, (next to Tigris River), ruled by Shamshi Adad. Babylon was a thriving city and part of the Babylonian Empire which was ruled by Nebuchadnezzar.

    Schomp, Virginia Ancient Mesopotamia. Franklin Watts. Division of Scholastic

    Bauer, Susan Wise. The Story of The World. Revised Edition. Volume 1: Ancient Times. Charles City, VA: Peace Hill Press, 2001. The Story Of The World.

  14. Lauren Speiser says:

    History reply
    By: Lauren Speiser

    What was the marketing and trading in the Greece area like? Where was it? Corinth became the most popular city in Greece after 750 be. This was because Greece and Peloponnese made Corinth the crucial trading point. It had docks on either side (not something you would see to often back in the day), and to avoid dangerous journeys around Peloponnese, many traders arranged for their goods to be exported in wagons. The Greek market sells a wide variety of things. Shirts, gold, pots, jewelry, food, bags, statutes, pictures,

    The source I got this from was Wikipedia: external links: history of Greece- primary documents

  15. Megan Orsak says:

    For this assignment, I researched the plague of Athens. I learned that the plague killed one third of the population, about 50,00 people. I also learned that scientists believe the plague was started by ships from North Africa that came to Athens. It spread quickly because the city was crowded because the Peloponnesian War had begun.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plague_of_Athens

    History of The Ancient and Medieval World, Dijkstra, Henk, Volume 3, Second Edition, Paul Bernabeo, New York, 2009.

  16. Riley Guggenhime says:

    The video was really helpful and easy to follow. In my research, I learned that a country had to bring home a gold medal in the ancient olympics to have a good reputation.

  17. Helen Horangic says:

    I was researching the Acropolis in Athens. Apparently, an Acropolis is like a fortress, and a city-state would need one to have a functioning society. The Acropolis in Athens is the most famous one out of all of them. It was not only a fortress, but also a temple for the gods, especially Athene. There were other buildings surrounding the Acropolis that were also temples. The Acropolis, also called Cranaa, was GIANT and REALLY old. Researchers estimate it was built in the stone age. The main building was 132 ft high, and the entire fortress was 7.4 acres! Another feature of the Acropolis was it’s walls. It had two walls, both 32 feet high and 20 feet thick made of entirely solid rock. The outermost wall was called the Pelasgian wall, and the second enclosed the Spring of Clepsydra and had nine gates, called the Enneapylon. This well thought out building was built on a big rocky hill. Only one side of the hill was safe enough to climb and attack on, which would make it super easy for the people inside to attack the enemy. So in all, the Acropolis is just about the best you can get if you are thinking of attacking a community, and I credit the engineer for building such a well thought out fortress.

  18. Helen Horangic says:

    This is my citation:

    Meletzis, Spyros, and Helen Papadakis. Akropolis and Museum.

  19. Emma McGaraghan says:

    Who was an example of an interesting woman in ancient Greece?
    One woman was Hipparchia. She…
    Was a feminist. I know this because…
    When her brother went to the Academy, she thought it was wrong that she couldn’t go to.
    She had no interest in being set up to marry and become a housewife.
    She held her own at dinner parties that had mostly men in attendance.
    Wanted to be a philosopher when she knew most women in her era had to stay at home all the time.

  20. Samantha Wong says:

    I learned that in 400 B.C. things weren’t too different from our time now. In the winter the weather was cool and wet. They had dry summers. People set up special festivals like we do sometimes and crowds would gather at the markets where they were held.

    There are differences too, like what houses were made of. Houses back then were made of brick and plaster with tiled roofs. Some artwork they made were sculptures, out of bronze and/or marble.

    World History in Context, Gale, 2007
    Athens by Don Nardo Publisher Alfred A. Knopf in New York
    http://www.localhistories.org/housestime.html
    http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tacg/hd_tacg.htm

  21. Meher Sandhu says:

    For my research, my question was: “What present day countries did the Persian Empire include?” I started my research by searching Persian Empire in the Castilleja School library. I came out with a book called: The Persian Empire, by Don Nardo. In this book, I found a map of the Persian Empire. WIth the help of Ms. Doctor we decided to figure out where the seas were on the map in the book, by comparing the cities in the book to a globe. The current day countries I found were:
    Turkey
    Jordan
    Israel
    Libya
    Egypt
    Turkmenistan
    Greece
    Bulgaria
    Iran
    Syria
    Iraq
    Afghanistan
    Pakistan
    Uzbekistan
    Tajikistan
    Romania
    Hungary
    Kuwait
    Bosnia
    Yugoslavia
    Macedonia
    Albania

    I thought it was pretty interesting to see that there are so many gigantic current day countries in the Persian Empire, but back then one city was two or three huge countries!

  22. Kareena Sandhu says:

    Who was Artemesia? Was she a tyrant?

    I learned a lot of things about Artemesia. Artemesia married the king of Halicarnassus in 500 B.C. The king died a few years later and she took the throne. Artemesia was an ally of the Persians. She managed to escape during the battle of Salamis. She was named after Artemis, because or her manly skills. Herodotus praises Artemesia for her decisiveness and her intelligence. Polaenus praises her for her decisiveness and her intelligence as well because she created a distraction to get the people of Latmus to get away from their city while she sent soldiers in and took over the city. Some people think differently about her. Thessalus, and son of Hippocrates, describes her in a speech as a cowardly pirate. To Herodotus, she was not a tyrant, despite the fact that she was an advocate of Persia, and to some people, she was.

    1. Women in World History, Bonnie G. Smith, Vol. 4, New York, 1940
    2. “Artemesia of Caria-Wikipedia”
    3.”Artemisia II.” World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.

  23. Lucia Shen says:

    I learned about Greek Children and Greek adults and how their roles are different from the roles today.

    For example I learned that only the boys would attend school and the woman would always send their husbands out to the market to buy food. I also learned that girls would have to exercise to be strong and healthy so that they could have a son that would be strong and help fight in the wars.

    The roles are different than the roles today because usually the women go out to the market and do the grocery shopping because they have a better taste in food and are the ones cooking dinner. Also, both boys and girls attend school.

    Title: The Story of The World. Revised Edition.
    Author: Susan Wise
    Volume:1: Ancient Times.
    Publisher:Peace Hill Press
    Place: Charles City
    Date: 2001

    Title: First Facts About Ancient Greeks
    Author: Fiona Macdonald
    Volume: N/A
    Publisher: Peter Bedrick Books
    Place: New York
    Date: 1997

    Title: Early Peoples Ancient Greeks
    Author: Michael Burgan
    Volume: N/A
    Publisher: World Book Inc.
    Place: Chicago
    Date: 2009

  24. Paulina Arguello says:

    Question: What was Herodotus’s trail?
    NOTES
    Herodotus was born in Hellespont.
    He traveled to unknown parts of the world what they called back in his time.
    He traveled to Sicily which is on the bottom of Italy.
    A lot of people called him liar because they didn’t believe he went to all these places.
    Herodotus was the first Greek historian.Wolman, Howard B. “Herodotus.” World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.

  25. Paulina Arguello says:

    I learned a lot it was really fun looking for books and new resources. This will also help me a lot this way i will know what resources i need and where to find them.

  26. Hannah Ashby says:

    Homer
    Edited by, Harold Bloom
    Took Place in the Odysseus

    Who was Homer? What did he do? Why was he famous? What is the Odyssey? The Iliad?
    Homer was a famous writer and poet from the fifth century. Homer wrote quite a lot of tales and poems. Homer was famous for his writing and poems. The Odyssey and Iliad are two examples of poems he wrote.

    Notes About Homer
    -Born around 8-9 century
    -Born in Greece
    -Died around 701 BC
    -Author of Iliad
    -Author of the Odysseus
    -Herodotus estimated that he lived around 400 years before him
    -He was Greek
    -Revered as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets
    -Was blind

    Info from
    http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Homer/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homer

  27. Marisol Meier says:

    I learned that Herodotus world to him looked very very different from ours.
    (google images)

  28. Alana Kaplinsky says:

    In my research I learned what hieroglyphics were used to write and who wrote them.
    Hieroglyphics were used to write copies of the government rulings and proclamations, religious texts (including the so called Book of the Dead, which sought to guide the deceased through the trials of the afterlife) and works of adventure, songs, and poetry.

    Hieroglyphic writing started around 3000 b.c., scribes thought that writing out hieroglyphics was too laborious and switched over to a cursive-like way of writing so that it would be quicker and less laborious.

    Perl, Lila, The people of the egyptian world- the ancient egyptians, Franklin Watts, Canada 2004

    A scribe is someone that can read and write hieroglyphics. Demotic script is alphabetic or phonetic variations of a logogram. It was also used from communications and a little after hieroglyphics. They impressed the carving into the walls by using rocks and sticks. they also used animals blood and clay to make the color appear on the wall. To write on the papyrus was more of an ordeal. Papyrus was was a substrate made from reeds native to Egypt. Wet reeds are then placed criss cross over each other, flattened, then dried and rubbed with flat stones until the surface became smooth. Then they used rocks or paint substances to write on the papyrus. The Rosetta stone was a very important discovery because it helped people to know about the culture and life of what happened during those times. The Rosetta Stone also had three different languages on it: egyptian hieroglyphics, demotic, and greek. the deciphering of the Rosetta Stone was a very important discovery.

    http://kyliebarber.wordpress.com/2011/02/28/egyptian-hieroglyphics/

  29. Alexandra Saffold says:

    I wanted to find out what was it like to be poor? What was it like to be rich? I found out all the different ranks of people and how their lives varied. If you were at the top of society you most likely owned a large estate or even a village. If you were in the middle class you were probably a small farmer. If you were a thetes (urban craftsman) you were usually considered the lowest member of society.
    Slaves also had separate classes. If you were a higher class slave you worked as a tutor or a police officer. If you were a middle class slave you were also a domestic slave and worked in a household. Females were usually treated as domestic slaves.If you were in the lowest rank of slaves you worked in the mines

  30. Alexandra Saffold says:

    Resources:

    Ancient Greece and Rome
    author: Carroll Moulton
    Volume: 1
    Publisher: Karen Day, 1998 Charles scribner’s son

    http://greece.mrdonn.org/slaves.html

    http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/daily_life.htm

  31. Samantha Woollen says:

    How is papyrus made?

  32. Kristen Kuhn says:

    What sports did they play in the Ancient olympics?
    Only free men who spoke Greek were allowed to compete. Women were forbidden to watch the games. If they did, they were to be killed. Except for equestrian events, contests took place in the Olympic stadium, which was in use, with Hellenistic and Roman renovations, for several centuries.
    Greek athletic events demanded speed, strength, and stamina. For 50 years after 776, the earliest games had only the 218-yard sprint, but thereafter, the program expanded before settling down to a fairly stable list of events by the late sixth century. These included various races, pentathlon, wrestling, boxing, chariot racing, horse and mule racing, and contests for heralds and trumpeters. The pentathlon consisted of five contests: a jump, the discus, the javelin, a run, and wrestling. Combat sports were called “heavy” contests because heavier athletes dominated. The pankration, or “all powerful” combat, was a brutal free-for-all combining boxing and wrestling. Athletes who unintentionally killed opponents had legal immunity.
    The equestrian events were the most spectacular. Young jockeys rode horses bareback through the hippodrome, and chariot races were even more hazardous as large fields of 40 raced over 12 laps and made sharp hairpin turns.

    Sources:
    The Ancient Greeks By Allison Lassieur
    New York: Franklin Watts, Copyright © 2004
    http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/sports.html
    Levinson, David. “Olympic Games.” World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.

  33. Samantha Woollen says:

    I learned that papyrus comes from a plant called papyrus. The fiber filled inside of this plant is what makes papyrus. Strips of the plant are layered on top of each other and left in the sun to dry. The sugars in the plant seal the strips together and when the papyrus is fully dry, it is pounded and exported to places like Halicarnassus for people to buy.

  34. Elizabeth Ledwith says:

    I learned many new things in this project like Castilleja uses the MLA format to cite a site. My question was ” How did Egyptian mummify and why did they mummify bodies?” I learned that mummification took as long as 70 day.

    Teeter, Emily. “Mummy.” World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013.

  35. Emmeline Brenner says:

    What was the Persians religion?

    The Persians religion was called Zoroastrianism . It was named after Zoroaster who was born in Persia in 628 B.C. Zoroaster traveled Persia and preached a new religion. Prayer played a big part in his teaching, saying that it could increase the harvest, protect domestic animals, and help craftsmen who played a big role in Persia’s economy.
    Zoroaster thought that god was Ormuzd-an embodiment of good and truth-and Ahriman- the incarnation of destruction and lies.The Persians believed that a person could chose which god to follow, the good one or the bad. When someone died, your soul would stand on a bridge and all your good deeds would be weighed against the bad. You either fell to eternally agony, or walked to eternal happiness.

    The Ancient Persians, James Barter
    Copyright 2006 Thomson Gale, a part of The Thomson Corporation

  36. Olivia Danner says:

    My question was: What was Samos like?
    I chose this question, because Herodotus lived in Samos.
    I learned that when Ploycrates was governing Samos in 500 B.C. Samos had reached the peak of its power. Around that time the island of Samos was rich and powerful, because it was a great place for trade. I was also Known for the reason that many famous figures were from Samos, such as the philosopher Pythagorus. Samos was settled by Ionian greeks, who came from mainland Greece around 1000 B.C. I really liked this assignment, because I got to know a little more about one of my questions from Herodotus’ life.
    Sources: “Samos.” Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Carroll Moulton. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1998. 25. World History In Context. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
    “Samos.” The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Don Nardo. Ed. Robert B. Kebric. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. 297. World History In Context. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
    “Samos.” World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 13 Sept.
    2013.

  37. Charlotte Lamm says:

    How did the Persian Empire get so big?
    Basically, what was the rise of the Persian Empire?

    Cyrus the Great was the first great ruler of Persia
    Before Persia, the land was called “Media”. There were small Persian kingdoms inside Medes. Around 550 BCE Persia made Media into Persia, but kept the peoples of Medes.
    Cyrus the Great made the royals of Media into officials, and moved onto conquering Anatolia.
    After Anatolia, he moved onto the Fertile Crescent (making the Persian Empire really big).
    So basically Persia started as a few hundred people, but when Cyrus the Great came along, he was such a great leader that he was able to turn Persia into a vast Empire.
    After Cyrus died, his son (as well as his successor) conquered Egypt in 225 BCE
    He later attempted to conquer further south of the Nile, but wasn’t as successful.
    Cambyses (Cyrus’s son) died in 522 BCE, leaving his cousin Darius as leader of Persia.

    “The Origins and Impacts of the Persian Empire”. http://www.eduplace.com/ Houghton Mifflin Company. PDF. 9/10/13. .

    Butler, Chris. “FC15: The Persian Empire (c.550-330 BCE)”. Flow of History. 2007. 9/10/13.

  38. Olivia Watson says:

    Encyclopedia of the World
    Vol. 15
    Pg. 2027 and 2028

    Notes:
    Halicarnassus (Greek: Ἁλικαρνᾱσσός Halikarnassós or Ἀλικαρνασσός Alikarnassós; Turkish: Halikarnas) was an ancientGreek city at the site of modern Bodrum in Turkey. It was located in southwest Caria on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf. The city was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, built between 353 BC and 350 BC, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was part of the Persian Empire until captured by Alexander the Great at the siege of Halicarnassus in 334 BC.
    Halicarnassus originally occupied only a small island near to the shore called Zephyria, which was the original name of the settlement and the present site of the great Castle of St. Peter built by the Knights of Rhodes in 1404; but in course of time, the island united with the mainland and the city extended to incorporate Salmacis, an older town of the Leleges and Carians and site of the later citadel.
    From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicarnassus

    http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Places/Place/937710

    http://www.unmuseum.org/mob/maus.htm

  39. Sophia Lindahl says:

    What where schools like in ancient Greece?
    Teachers were always men
    In primary school the teachers taught the poems of Homer and how to play the lyre
    They also chose additional subjects to research such as reading, writing, and arithmetic
    Only boys went to school
    Girls were taught to sew and run a home by their mothers
    Rich families got private tutors for their daughters so they could learn the things that boys learned in school

  40. Kempton McCarty says:

    In my research, I learned more than I’ll ever need to know about the Greek alphabet.
    I learned that the ancient Greeks were able to write and talk to one another using their own alphabet. I also learned that the Greek alphabet is different now. Some letters/sounds disappeared, and new ones were introduced. I was curious about how the Greek alphabet was formed, and I figured out that the Greek lettering adapted from the Phoenician alphabet. I was curious why the Greek alphabet was missing letters. I realized though my research that the Greek alphabet was shortened over time, and some letters combined and some disappeared. They were able to fill in those missing letters since their letters make different sounds (sometimes combined sounds)

    Main Books:
    “Greeks”
    “The Story of the World”

    Web:
    http://ezproxy.castilleja.org:2056/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3205000359

  41. Erin Duane says:

    I learned many things while researching the religion of the Greeks.
    The Greeks believed that certain deities (gods and goddesses) watched over them and directed daily events. Families tried to please household deities with offerings and ceremonies. Each city-state honored one or more deities as protectors of the community and held annual festivals in their honor.

    Greek deities resembled human beings, except for their immortality and superhuman powers. For example, they showed such emotions as love, jealousy, and anger. The chief deities lived on Mount Olympus and were known as Olympians.

    I also learned that the Greek gods are the same as the Latin gods, but with different names.
    Greek:
    Zeus
    Artemis
    Poseidon
    Hera
    Demeter
    Hermes
    Athena
    Apollo
    Aphrodite
    Dionysus
    Hephaestus

    Roman:
    Jupiter
    Dianna
    Neptune
    Juno
    Ceres
    Mercury
    Minerva
    Apollon
    Venus
    Bacchus
    Vulcanus
    Learning about the Gods was really fun. I hope we learn about them more!

    (Krentz, Peter. “Greece, Ancient.” World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 13 Sep. 2013. )

  42. Bridget Sullivan says:

    I learned a lot about Herodotus and his lifetime. I also learned all about the word history means, and Greek meaning of it. I also learned all about what Halicarnassus is like today.
    It is now called Bodrum. Bodrum means ‘underground cellar’. It is in Turkey. As we know, Herodotus was born here so it is a popular tourist site. Apparently, it has good weather!

    Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, Vol. 3 Simon, Mattar, Bulliet
    Simon and Schuster Macmillan 1996, New York, Broadway

    Wikipedia- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History

  43. Tevah Gevelber says:

    My question was, How did the ancient egyptians interact with the ancient egyptian gods?I learned a lot, for example thatIn the beginning of time every town worshiped it’s own gods. Then as time went on, the gods became united, add blended into each other, some minor gods disappearing and they changed their characteristics over three thousand years.The gods were one big family! Everyone was a daughter or brother/enemy, linked one way or another. The ancient egyptians thought that the gods created their world and were part of their daily life. The egyptians thought that natural disasters were because the god of sunlight got angry and things like that. But they also believed that the gods represented wisdom and justice. The gods were often part human and part animal.

  44. Madeline Park says:

    I learned many things about researching. At first, I chose the topic, Persia and Greece. I found some information in the library with a Calliope magazine, but when I went home and did online research, I found that my topic was too broad. There were many pages that were too challenging for me to comprehend as well. I looked back at the topics to research doc and decided that I wanted to learn about Pythagoras. I googled him and found some very good websites for kids. One thing that I found very interesting about him was that he didn’t invent the Pythagorean and Theorem, but he stated that it was true by checking it. Overall, I think that this was a good learning experience for me.

    Sources: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/science/math/pythagoras.htm
    http://www.mathopenref.com/pythagoras.html
    http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/py/Pythagoras

  45. Patricia Carrasco says:

    I thought that this project was really fun because we got to learn about different topics that had to do with Herodotus and the road to History. I researched Egyptian gods and goddesses and the Nile River. I learned that there are about 29 Egyptian gods and goddesses. Each god and goddess has a different sort of “power”, but they are all related. For example the goddess Isis was a mother, a wife, and a sister of other gods and goddess (Isis’s brother was her husband). I also learned that the Nile River was a daily part of Egyptian person’s life, but nobody bothered to research it that much, but then other explorers came to Egypt and researched it (example: where it goes to, how long it is).

    Rivers of the World
    The Nile

    http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/gods/explore/main.html

  46. Michal Goldstein says:

    I did my research on mummification. I was interested to learn about this because when I was in Houston this summer, I saw a documentary about it. It’s amazing how people in ancient Egypt were able to preserve a person, but we today can’t, even though we’ve tried hundreds of times! When we were researching at the library, I used the book Ancient Egypt. This is my bibliography for it:

    Ancient Egypt
    George Hart
    First Edition
    Alfred A. Knopf, Inc
    Egypt, 12th Century B.C.

    In this book, I learned that Egyptians preserved their bodies because they thought it could make them live forever. A lot of the process has to do with their afterlife. For example, the Egyptians took out the brain from the body, but left in the heart because they wanted it to be weighed in the afterlife.

    I also used a website for research when I was doing homework. This is the link:
    http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/story/main.html
    I learned so many things from this website I never knew before such as how the body is covered and stuffed with natron, which is salt crystals. The body parts that they take out are dried and stored in canopic jars, which have heads are jars with lids of heads of animals. Also, between each layer that is wrapped and glued with resin is an amulet. The amulets that I learned about were the Isis Knot and Plummet amulets. I also learned that after wrapping the mummy, they put a cloth around it and tie it with strips of linen.

  47. Annabelle Ross says:

    Who was Thoth?
    Thoth was an egyptian god in ancient Egypt, and lots of people still believe in him today. Thoth had the the head of an ibis. All egyptian gods/goddesses were created with the head of an animal. In legend, it tells us, Thoth was the wisdom god and also the moon god. He was often sent down to earth to observe the humans and make sure everything ran smoothly. He was the gods, “problem solver.” In the underworld however, Thoth had a different role. Thoth was to oversee the scales on which the souls of the dead were weighed to determine innocence or guilt. He was considered the scribe of the sun god Re and even Re’s chief administrative officer. We can tell now, that Thoth had a pretty high status if he worked with Re. Each god/goddess has a center of worship. Thoth’s center of worship was the city of Hermopolis. Thoth was also worshiped in many other cities of ancient Egypt, where he often had a role in their creation myths. Unlike most gods who didn’t go down to earth very often, Thoth loved to. He was a patron of civilization and such intellectual arts as writing, astronomy, mathematics, law, magic, and medicine.

    Ritner, Robert K. “Thoth.” World Book Student. World Book, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013

  48. Rebecca Henig says:

    The topic I researched was hieroglyphics. Something that i learned was that writing started as just pictures so if it was saying there was a bird on the tree it would be a picture of bird plus a picture of a tree. later it developed into hieroglyphics where the pictures were letters, so if they wrote tree it would be a tethering rope (T) then a mouth (R) then a pair of reeds (E) then another pair of reeds next to each other, something else that i found out was that unlike english which strictly goes left to right they could go both ways, it depented on which way the characters were facing but they did go top to bottom

  49. Rebecca Henig says:

    Egyptian hieroglyphics for Everyone, By Joseph and Lenore scott, Funk & Wagnalls Publishing Company, 1968

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